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Marshall, Frank James
marsh3.jpg
Birth Aug 10, 1877
New York, New York, USA.
Death Nov 9, 1944
Jersey City, New Jersey, USA.
Nationality USA - United States of America

Images 3
Last update Aug 10, 2001
Biographical data
US player.
US Champion from 1909 to 1936.

Trivia
by Bill Wall
The first American to defeat a Soviet player in an international tournament (New York, 1924). He reigned as U.S. Champion for 30 years, but only defended his title once when he defeated Ed Lasker (5-4) in 1923. He was the first master to play more than 100 games simultaneously. In 1916 he played 105 players at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C. He won 82 games, lost 8, drew 15. In 1922 he played 155 games simultaneously in Montreal. He scored 126 wins, 21 draws, and 8 losses after 7 hours of play. A week later he was able to replay 153 of the games from memory. What bothered him was forgetting the other two games. He thought he was losing his memory. He started the Marshall Chess Club in 1922 to rival the Manhattan Chess Club. He claimed he played at least one game of chess every day for 57 years. In 1904 he was proclaimed U.S. Chess Champion when Pillsbury declined a match with him because of illness. Pillsbury died in 1906. Marshall did not officially accept the title until 1909, when he won a match with Jackson Showalter, the champion before Pillsbury. He announced his retirement in 1936 as U.S. Chess Champion.


Chess Career


MATCHES

Opponent Place Year W L D
-----------------------------------------------------
W.E.Napier New York 1896 1 7 3
N.Jasnogrodsky New York 1898 3 3 1
D.Janowski New York 1899 1 3 0
E.Delmar New York 1900 4 1 0
S.E.Johnston Chicago 1900 7 6 2
O.R”thing New York 1900 4 1 2
H.Ward London 1902 4 2 0
R.J.Loman London 1902 4 2 0
R.Teichmann London 1902 2 0 3
J.Mortimer London 1903 4 0 0
D.Janowski Paris 1905 8 5 4
J.Mortimer London 1905 4 0 0
W.E.Napier London 1905 1 3 1
S.Tarrasch Nrnberg 1905 1 8 8
A.W.Fox New York 1906 5 0 1
E.Lasker New York 1907 0 8 7
D.Janowski Suresnes 1908 2 5 3
A.Rubinstein Lodz 1908 2 3 3
G.S.Salwe Lodz 1908 2 1 5
A.Rubinstein Warschau 1908 3 4 0
J.Mieses Berlin 1908 5 4 1
B.Gregory Berlin 1908 4 1 0
F.Dus-Chotimirsky Warschau 1908 2 2 2
J.R.Capablanca New York 1909 1 8 14
J.W.Showalter Lexington 1909 7 2 3
P.S.Leonhardt Hamburg 1911 2 1 4
J.F.S.Esser Amsterdam 1911 3 0 0
D.Janowski Biarritz 1912 6 2 2
O.Duras New York 1913 3 1 1
R.Teichmann Berlin 1914 0 1 1
D.Janowski New York 1916 4 1 3
Ed.Lasker New York 1923 5 4 9
-----------------------------------------------------
Total games 276 104 89 83


TOURNAMENTS

Year Place Standing Points
-------------------------------------------
1899 London 1 8,5
1900 Paris 3 - 4 12
1900 New York 6 2,5
1901 Buffalo 5 2,5
1901 Monte Carlo 10 5,5
1902 Monte Carlo 9 11
1902 Hannover 9 - 10 8
1903 Monte Carlo 8 - 9 10
1903 Wien 2 11,5
1904 Campridge Springs 1 13
1904 St.Louis 1 8,5
1904 Monte Carlo 3 6,5
1904 Monte Carlo Gambit 1 - 2 6
1905 Ostende 7 - 8 12,5
1905 Barmen 3 10
1905 Scheveningen 1 11,5
1906 New York 3 9
1906 Ostende 7 16,5
1906 Nrnberg 1 12,5
1907 Karlsbad 11 - 12 10
1907 Paris 1 - 2 6
1907 Ostende 3 - 4 11,5
1908 Wien 9 - 10 10
1908 Lodz 2 8
1908 Prag 7 - 9 11
1908 Dsseldorf 1 11,5
1909 Bradly Beach 2 3,5
1910 Hamburg 5 - 6 9,5
1910 New York 1 10
1911 New York 1 10
1911 San Sebastian 4 8,5
1911 Karlsbad 5 - 6 15,5
1912 Budapest 1 - 2 3
1912 San Sebastian 6 9,5
1912 Breslau 6 9,5
1912 Pistyan 3 10,5
1913 New York 2 10,5
1913 Havanna 1 10,5
1913 New York 1 3
1914 St.Petersburg 5 8
1914 Mannheim 4 - 6 7
1915 New York 2 12
1918 New York 3 7
1920 New Jersey 1 7,5
1921 Atlantic City 5 - 7 6
1923 Lake Hopatcong 1 - 2 10,5
1924 New York 4 11
1925 Baden - Baden 5 - 6 12,5
1925 Marienbad 3 - 4 10
1925 Moskau 4 12,5
1926 Lake Hopatcong 4 3
1926 Chicago 1 8,5
1927 New York 6 6
1927 London 3 7,5
1928 Bad Kissingen 7 - 9 5
1928 Brnn 4 - 5 5
1928 Berlin 7 4,5
1928 Budapest 2 6
1928/29 Hastings 1 - 3 6
1929 Bradly Beach 6 4,5
1929 Karlsbad 18 - 19 9
1930 Hamburg,L„nderturnier - 12,5
1930 Lttich 10 4,5
1930 New York 9 - 11 4
1931 Prag,L„nderturnier - 10
1933 Folkestone,L„ndert. - 7
1935 Warschau,L„ndert. - 7,5
1937 Stockholm,L„ndert. - 6,5


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