Kempelen, Farkas
Birth Jan 23, 1734
Bratislava, Czech Republic.
Death Mar 26, 1804
Wien, Austria.
Nationality CZE - Czech Republic

Images 1
Last update May 16, 1999
Biographical data

by Bill Wall
Inventor of the first automation, The Turk, in 1769. He built it for the sole purpose of entertaining and mystifying the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. For years he labored to improve the science of hydraulics, designing fire engines and hydraulic pumps. But nobody was interested in those. They were all interested in The turk. Eventually, he became so annoyed by the continuous stream of visitors thae he dismatled the Turk, announcing that it had been damaged and could no longer be exhibited. In 1783 Emperor Joseph II commanded him to display the Turk once again.

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