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Chigorin, Mikhail Ivanovich
chigo2_a3.jpg
Birth Nov 12, 1850
Gatchina/Peterburg, Russia.
Death Jan 25, 1908
Lublin, Poland.
Nationality RUS - Russia

Images 6
Last update Aug 10, 2001
Biographical data
Russian player.
Russian Champion, 1899, 1901, 1903.

Trivia
by Bill Wall
Founder of the Russian school of chess.
He was the first public chess worker, organizer, and journalist in Russia. His first chess magazine, "Chess Sheet," only had 250 subscribers in all of Russia. From 1878 to 1907 he was considered the best Russian chessplayer. In 1889 he unsuccessfully challenged Steinitz for the world championship in Havana, which ended after 17 games and only one draw. Steinitz had won 10 and lost 6. A month later Tchigorin won America's first international tournament, New York 1889. He took second place in the Hastings 1895 tournament (behind Pillsbury) and won the first three All-Russia tournaments (1899, 1900-01, 1903). At Hastings 1895 he won a ring and a copy of Salvoli's THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF CHESS for winning the most Evans Gambits.


Chess Career


MATCHES

Opponent Place Year W L D
-----------------------------------------------------
E.Schiffers St.Petersburg 1878 7 3 0
E.Schiffers St.Petersburg 1878 6 7 1
E.Schiffers St.Petersburg 1879 7 4 2
S.Alapin St.Petersburg 1880 7 3 0
E.Schiffers St.Petersburg 1880 7 1 3
J.A.de Riviere Paris 1883 5 4 1
W.Steinitz Havanna 1889 6 10 1
I.Gunsberg Havanna 1890 9 9 5
W.Steinitz Kabelmatch 1891 2 0 0
A.Ascharin Riga 1892 3 0 0
W.Steinitz Havanna 1892 8 10 5
S.Tarrasch St.Petersburg 1893 9 9 4
A.Solowzow Moskau 1893 4 0 0
E.Schiffers St.Petersburg 1895 7 3 3
R.Charousek Budapest 1896 3 1 0
E.Schiffers St.Petersburg 1897 7 1 6
E.Lasker Brighton 1903 2 1 3
G.S.Salwe Lodz 1906 7 5 3
-----------------------------------------------------
Total games 214 106 71 37


TOURNAMENTS

Year Place Standing Points
-------------------------------------------
1879 St.Petersburg 1 7,5
1881 Berlin 3 - 4 10,5
1882 Wien 12 - 13 14
1883 London 4 16
1889 New York 1 - 2 29
1895 Hastings 2 16
1895/96 St.Petersburg 4 7
1896 Nrnberg 9 - 10 9,5
1896 Budapest 1 8,5
1897 Berlin 10 10,5
1898 Wien 6 - 7 20
1898 K”ln 2 - 4 10,5
1899 London 7 16
1899 Moskau 1 10
1900 Paris 6 10,5
1901 Monte Carlo 3 - 4 9
1901 Moskau 1 16,5
1902 Monte Carlo 8 11,5
1902 Hannover 7 9
1903 Kiew 1 15
1903 Wien 1 13
1904 Campridge Springs 6 - 7 7,5
1904 St.Petersburg 1 9,5
1905 Ostende 13 6,5
1905 St.Petersburg 1 12
1905 Barmen 7 - 10 7
1906 Ostende - 6,5
1906 St.Petersburg 2 7,5
1906 Lodz 2 5,5
1906 Nrnberg 5 10
1907 Karlsbad 16 - 18 7,5
1907 Ostende 6 4,5


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